2nd hour Minoans 2011-2012

Minoans Civilization

Introduction

The Minoan Civilization was a Bronze Age civilization that arose on the island of Crete. It was rediscovered in the beginning of the 20th century through the work of the British archaeologist Arthur Evans. The Minoans will not tell anyone what they were secretly called.

Minoans Social class: Caleb Guthard
There are really no known social classes in the Minoan civilization because there are no written documents or proof that shows us that there was. Their power was held by the ruler and the wealth was distributed equally showing that there was a social equality.(Unknown, 2011)
Minoans Art/Architecture: Caleb Guthard
Minoans art includes a variety of paintings sculpturing and pottery. Minoans painted on their architecture with a fresco or a mural like painting. The Minoan cites were connected by a system of stone paved roads. There buildings were mainly built with a lower wall made of stone and ruble and an upper wall made of mud brick. One of the most famous things about the Minoan architecture is the inverted column, which is thinner at the bottom then at the top. (Unknown, 2011)
01GRE-16-13-MinoanBullJumpCopy.jpg
A mural on a building wall.

Temple.jpg
Minoans used a new type of pillar called the inverted pillar that has a thicker top than bottom.




Minoans Public Works-Parker Hodges


The public work that the Minoans did was pottery, painting, sculpting, and blacksmithing. All the people who did the jobs would walk around the city and sell the art that they made. A couple other public works of this century was architecture, ceramics, stone carving and much more.
MinoansEgypt.jpg
the minoan worker that had there own job as public workers.

Minoans Government-Parker Hodges

`The Crete that the Minoans lived on was ruled by a monarchy from the central palace of Knossos. The Minoans first ruler and the only ruler whose name we know. His name was King Minos. He was described as the son of Zeus.
King Minos ruled over 100 cites of Crete, he was probably the high-priest as well as king and ruled through his peoples religion.


knossos.jpg
the palace knossos.


Cities: Abby Spieth

The capital city of Crete is Knossos. Zominthos is a mountainous city in the northern foothills. Psieria is a town with ritual sites. Herakloin is largest city in Crete. (Wikipedia.org). The Minoans built a lot of cities they were different from other civilizations. Wanna know something interesting? Minoan cities don’t have walls around them! Instead of having walls around them, the Minoans depended on the sea and navy for protection. (thinkquest.org).

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In Crete the capital city is Knossos .
Religion: Abby Spieth


Minoan civilization was a type of polytheism in a larger group of the Ancient Near East. (Wikipedia.org) Religion played many parts in Minoan Crete and many activities. Artistic products revolved around religion cult. (ancient-greece.org). Some worshipers worshiped in caves. One of the caves were named Cave Of Eileithyia. The cave is some 60 m. long, between 9 and 12 m. wide, and 2 to 3 m. high. (projectsx.dartmouth.edu).
snakegoddessss.htm

This is the "Snake Goddess" She was one of the Minoan divinities associated with the snake cult

Job Specialization- Kendra Tarbet
Minoans were big in being artists. There is a painting (underneath) that was found in the Palace of Knossos, and isn’t found anywhere else on the island. (Heritage Key) Minoan stone-workers produced wall sized paintings that excited people. They were all over big palaces, room after room. Many figurines were of terra cotta. Half rosettes were a Minoan trademark.

egypt_minoan.jpg
A computer reconstruction of a bull-leaping scene from Tell el-Dab'a.



Written Language- Kendra Tarbet

Arthur Evans found a tremendous impact on the later culture of Greece in about the 1900’s. He found writing on Crete that related to the Minoan Civilization. He Sorted them into two different groups and labeled them Linear A and Linear B. Later on, Michael Ventris found out that Linear B was actually an ancient form of Greek. Written scripts of the Minoans resemble Egyptian hieroglyphs. Most of the tablets found have been translated to contain inventories of goods in storage (Ancient-Greece).

minoan-disque_de_phaistos_a.jpg
An acient tablet found in a museum with minoan writing on it.



Bibliography


Ancient-Greece. 20 September 2011 <http://www.ancient-greece.org/culture/minoan-cult.html>.

Jarus, Owen.
Heritage Key. 21 September 2011 <http://heritage-key.com/blogs/owenjarus/did-unemployed-minoan-artists-land-jobs-ancient-egypt>.