Agricultural Revolution and Features of Civilization

By: Dantae George, Antonio Rosenella, Michael Gutierrez

Religion
Like their Stone Age ancestors, most ancient people were polytheistic. The priests and worshipers sought to gain the favor of the gods through rituals (Ellis and Esler, 1997).
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Polytheistic people were people who believed in more than one religion (Jenna Rodelo, 1992).

Government
Almost always, rulers claimed that their right to rule came from the gods. At first, priests had the greatest power. In time warrior kings took over, and became more powerful rulers. As cities grew the supply for food needed to be steady and therefore called for a more powerful ruler (Ellis and Esler, 1997).

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This is Ardeshir I and Ahura Mazda (Wikipedia.org).
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This is Ardeshir I and Ahura Mazda (Wikipedia.org).





Cities
The first cities emerged after farmers began cultivating fertile lands along the river valleys and producing extra food (Ellis and Esler, 1997).
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These are homes of the Old Stone Age (Robert lomas, 1994).
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These are homes of the Old Stone Age (Robert lomas, 1994).

Job Specialization

The people of the New Stone Age and agricultural revolution had certain jobs and different jobs, other jobs include working with metal and wood to make other tools and weapons. The other jobs are really not easy, you had to hunt and gather still, farming was the most recognized (Ellis and Esler, 1997).

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Most people had jobs s such on this picture (David Lucy, 1987).

Art/Architecture

The people of the New Stone Age mostly built temples and shrines for most of the landscape. The temples and shrines dominated the scenery for most of the cities skilled and hard working people made these such temples. The rest of the landscape was small huts and land to farm and raise domestic animals to make food. And a lot of these people depended on this well-built structures to keep them warm and secure from any wild animal intrusions. A lot of art was a skill, a cultural way of expressing yourself from your heart and soul (Ellis and Esler, 1997).

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Huts were made of wood, rock, and metal. This one is rock (Jorg Behmann, 2001).


Written Languages

People had their own language and writing half of it was pictures and hieroglyphics. Archeologists have found old writing and documents, tax papers, and certain important papers. Writing a language was one of the most important things in history (Ellis and Elser, 1997).

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Hieroglyphics look like this (Johny Casero, 2001).


Power/Wealth

To maintain food a new and improve government arose and took action to save more food (Ellis and Esler, 1997).
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Love food, hate waste slogan (Google.com, 2011).

At first priests probably had the greatest power.Warrior’s kings took over after the priests. In time warrior kings took over and became more powerful rulers (Ellis and Esler, 1997).
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Warriors fighting in battle (Karen Swhimsy, 1987).

Government became more complex when they started to collect taxes and set up defenses. Over saw tax collection irrigation project or the military (Ellis and Esler, 1997).



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Tax collector’s hand, collecting money (Centsably, 1974).

Arts and Public work
People expressed them sleeves for who they thought made them. Temples dominated the cities with is massive size and beauty (Ellis and Elser, 1997).
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Temple of a powerful person (Google.com, 1987).

Skilled people made big building like churches museums and temples. Inside the big buildings are like tombs filled with jewelry from a powerful person that once lived in that building (Ellis and Elser, 1997).
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Public work (Google.com, 1986).


The rulers order the people to do public work like build bridges, roads, and defensive walls (Ellis and Elser, 1997).

Works Cited: