Shelby Davis - Cities, Organized Religions, Art & Architecture, and conclusion.Emily Walker - Wrighting/Record Keeping, Job Specialization.Desiree Rosenella - Government, Social Class, Public Works, and introduction.


Features of Civilization
There are eight features of civilizations, also known as societies. This includes cities, organized religions, art and architecture, writing/record keeping, job specialization, government, social classes, and public works. Majority of places, such as Egypt and Rome, have these civilizations.

Cities
Cities were built not only for settlements, but made a reliable food supply. As more food was available, the population increased because more people could be fed. “The growing number of people available for more kinds of work led to the development of more complex social structures” (Britannica, 2010). A community could support a variety of workers that were not farmers, with a food surplus.
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Ancient Egyptian city.

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Ancient Egyptian Settlement.


Art & Architecture
Architecture was used as a type of symbolism. Ancient art refers to many types of art that were in the cultures of ancient societies, such as Egypt. The Rosetta Stone, an Egyptian architecture, was carved in 196 B.C. and was discovered by the French soldiers in Napoleon’s military expedition. It was very famous for it provided the key to solve the ancient Egyptian language. “It was discovered near the town of Rosetta (now Rashid), located in the Nile Delta about 40 miles northwest of Alexandria, by a Frenchman, Pierre Bouchard, on 15 July 1799”(Page 1, 2010). Egyptian art reflects on every aspect of their lives. As you see in tombs, there are scenes of everyday living, models, of people in animals, glass figures and containers, and jewelry made from gold and semi-precious stones.

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Ancient Egyptian architecture of Michael Jackson.
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Huge ancient Egyptian architecture.


Organized Religions
Organized religions came with all cultures. “The Egyptians had a strong religious faith that enriched every part of their lives”(Jovinelly, 2002). The Egyptians were polytheistic. That means they worshipped about 2,000 gods, but considered their pharaoh to be godlike. Their pharaohs were important royalty who governed Egypt. They believed that the dead would live again.

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Although Egyptions were polytheistic,
they considered Pharaoh as godlike.

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An Egyptian temple, the Abu Simbel Temple.



Writing/Record Keeping :)
To begin with,the Romans and Greeks used Papyrus paper to write and they could make several different things out of Papyrus..

These are the things that they could make out of Papyrus:

  1. They could make paper out of Papyrus.
  2. they also could make cloths...
  3. they also could make books out of Papyrus...

Also, the Romans and the Greeks wrote in a small section of columns and in order to read the sections you would half to roll down the roll of paper and wind it back up.



papyrus.jpg


Government
Most people obey the government’s rules, which are called laws. The three main branches of American government are the Legislative Branch, Executive Branch, and Judicial Branch. It was a long time and there were hardly any government.

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These are the three main branches.



Social Class in the U.S

A big group in a society have the same amount of money or the same political ideals.

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This is how making money works. This is one of the social classes.



Public Works

Public working is a group of people helping around the city. Some examples of public works: projects some people work on roads, schools, etc.


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This picture is showing people that do work for the public.

There are eight features civilizations. Cities, art and architecture, organized religions, writing/ record keeping, job specialization, government, social classes, and public works. Cities were built not only for settlements, but made a reliable food supply. Art and architecture could be found in many ancient places, even in the cities. Ancient art and architecture refers to many types of art that were in the cultures of ancient societies, such as Egypt. Egyptian art reflects on every aspect of their lives. Organized religions came with all cultures. The Egyptians were polytheistic, which mean they worshipped more than one god.


Works Cited
AKNsolutions.com, By. "Egypt: General Ancient Egyptian Religion." Egypt Travel, Tours, Vacations, Ancient Egypt from Tour Egypt. Web. 21 Sept. 2010. <http://www.touregypt.net/magazine/generalancientegyptianreligion.htm>.
"Ancient Art Encyclopedia Topics | Reference.com." Homepage | Reference.com. Web. 20 Sept. 2010. <http://www.reference.com/browse/ancient art?o=100074>.
"ancient civilization." Compton's by Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online School

Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2010. Web. 20 Sept. 2010

<http://www.school.eb.com/comptons/article-196359>.
"EBookpg2." Valdosta State University. Web. 20 Sept. 2010. <http://www.valdosta.edu/~adfranklin/ebook2.html>.

"Egypt: Art and Architecture." St. Petersburg Times Online. Web. 20 Sept. 2010. <http://www2.sptimes.com/egypt/egyptcredit.4.4.html>.

"Rosetta Stone." Egyptian Papyrus Papers, Papyrus Outlines, Paintings/wall Pictures, Personalized, Gold and Silver Cartouche, Silver Cartouches with Gold Letters. Web. 20 Sept. 2010. http://www.kingtutshop.com/freeinfo/rosetta-stone.htm.
"Township Services - Public Works." Welcome to Wellesley Township. Web. 20 Sept. 2010. <http://www.township.wellesley.on.ca/publicworks.htm>.